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Apparently science has grown as one of indicatives to determine level of development in particular countries. However, many scientists and policy makers are still questioning pertinent question about the future role of scientists, such as:




  • Should science was rated on its relevance to industry and policy
  • What are the main barriers to evidence-based policy
  • Who has influence over government policy



Before we answer those remarkable questions, were going to explore the understanding of science policy (SP). Firstly, SP means as an area of public policy which influence the conduct of science enterprise through funding of research in pursuance the national policy goals. Secondly, it is relevant to act of implementing scientific knowledge into practical application in area of public policies. Furthermore, SP will put concerning about how science and technology can best serve the public and escalate development of nations growth.



Notably, stable funding environment can be first solution. Unfortunately, commonly science and research budget will be cut down when cash-strapped governments is looking for savings. Substantially underfunded programs were already happened in particular developed countries. Dont mention about developing countries cases because they are so obvious unsupported by proper science funding.



In Australia, two years ago, there was a shortfall in funding for the Sustainable Research Excellence Scheme while there were 125 separate science and research policy programs spread across 15 government portfolios (Evans, 6 September 2013). In 2012, European Commission president Jos Manuel Barroso was told he risked making an unqualified error by cutting EU science budget. Many research heads responded disagreement by give explanation that protecting the science budget is "absolutely vital" for "a return to growth" in the region.
Therefore, the social movements and grassroots campaigns have increased in number in many countries. Let we say Science is Vital from United Kingdom. This campaign has been initiated by UK scientists and supporters of science. They have doubtless that a strong science base is vital to the UKs economy and reputation. As a response to threatened government cuts to science, an incorporation of volunteers; working scientists, ex-scientists and non-scientists has formed.



The newly formed Research Alliance in Australia has drawn together peak bodies representing research institutes, universities, medical research institutes, engineering, and humanities and to unite in a strong alliance. Even Australias most recent Nobel laureate, Prof Brian Schmidt, was called for a strategic national research policy to reconstruct investment framework for science policy in Australia.



Interestingly, who has the voice into a science policy sphere is not only about the expert or professor. In 2013, Australian Academy of Science organized the Early-to-Mid Career Researcher Forum as a platform for Australians future science leaders and the policy makers say on issues facing the next generation of scientists into a challenging world.



Those conditions clearly envision science policy as the national agenda. By united people voice and utilize it as power to influence government policy. Globally, engaging communities on the issue of science and research funding may increase science policy leverage in the national priority.



How about Indonesia science and research budget in Indonesia only 0.08 persen from national budgeting with equal IDR 12 billion. Compare to ASEAN member countries such as Thailand (0,25 persen), Malaysia (1 persen) and Singapore (2,6 persen), we still fall behind. Due to Muhammad Nasirs statement, Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, For 0,09 persen of research budget, funding sources are 74 persen from Government allocation, whereas in our neighborhood countries around 80 persen is from their business and industries.



It means Indonesia needs to put attention on how to maximize science budget and to increase national budget for science and research. At this moment, researchers should realize their capacity to give contribution for shaping science policy in their countries. Many nations put a long-term overall strategy for establishing science policy, one of them is providing a platform to make allies.



Therefore, a forum to gather scientists or communities and parties who have interest in utilization science and technology as key factor of nations development should be organized. It seems like kill two birds with one stone.




  • The forum will generate several scientific opinions that lead to significant considerations which might be useful for Government decisions. It is automatically force the scientific communities to do more for Indonesias development by utilizing scientific knowledge and experience.
  • On the one hand, the forum can introduce the importance of S & T into general societies. It might give impression that investment of S& T has significant impact to society.



When scientific and non-scientific communities join together from all across the life sector to call for more strategic and sustainable investment, Indonesia deserves better consideration to build a nation capable of meeting globally challenges in the next future years.




about author

Yutainten M. Commun

198601312008012002

Subbagian Fasilitasi Pemasyarakatan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi

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