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Few years ago, people might think that the only solution to solve those problems was flooding a country with aid, when rich countries give money to poor countries. It is undeniable that some of the aids definitely have funded a few programs to construct public infrastructure or human capacity buildings to increase people capacities to live on their own activities. Therefore, in the long-term the aid-recipients can rely on themselves rather than aids.

However, we have already observed the repressions of capitalism as a result of aid, aid-corruption in the political regimes, and severe dependencies on aid. Automatically, donor-recipient relationship leads to parental relationship or even master-slave relations. Moreover, those unintended consequences of aids have been faced mostly aid-recipient countries.

I really concern about this matter because we discuss about billion money that weve put into the poor countries with aid is actually not well-targeted. For instance, The World Bank recently announced a published study that around 60 persen of all the aid money actually stays in the donor country. The bulk of money is paying for consultants or intermediaries to do what they thought the recipients need in the first place. For me it is not aid, you even can say it is the business of poverty.

Therefore, we need to create a system which allows people to live with dignity. We should acknowledge the issues of the recipients and projected the program based on their necessaries by doing HUMAN INVESTMENT.

There are many common constraints on development which causes hunger problem, but the most noticeable one is poverty traps. When people live in poverty, they cannot afford nutritious food for themselves and their families.
"Reducing poverty and food insecurity involves enhancement of agricultural productivity and production, and income generation among producers as well as among those in rural areas who do not work the land. Institutions are the structuring features that command access of people to assets, to voice, and to power over their own lives, and that regulate competing claims to limited resources. Agricultural and rural extension (communication) programmers are needed to reach out to those in rural areas who often enough constitute the majority population. (FAO 2002)

Basically, hunger and malnutrition are shaped by political choices. Government has priorities to allocate resources, to adopt policies, to enhance economic sectors which influence the lives of hungry and poor people. It is fundamental for government to acknowledge those institutional, governance and politico-economic fields to support economic regulation to protect the policies of food security and food sovereignty. Then, government has to organize a platform to bring together the various relevant sectors engaged in extension and information services. Therefore, those services can stimulate new actions to encounter the causes and seek alternative solutions to eliminate food security issues.

Communication and information services may be important networks for the success of food security and food safety programs. These services can be organized as such initiatives participatory action based on community needs. For examples, by organizing community radio advocates, creating a social movement to promote scaling up nutrition, educating housewives and mothers about nutritious, introducing indigenous knowledge about managing food security.

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Yutainten M. Commun


Subbagian Fasilitasi Pemasyarakatan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi

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